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[Postposition] (명사) + 한테/에게 (to (noun))

"~한테/에게" comes after a person/people, indicating the object of an action. We usually "~에게" in formal situation, and "~한테" in casual conversation. When the object of an action is senior…

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[Postposition] (명사) + 만 ((noun) only/just)

When we use "~만" after a noun, it means "only", not including others. "빨간색 펜은 없고, 검정색 펜만 있다." is "There is no red pen, There is a black one only.", "나는 밥만 먹…

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[Postposition] (명사) + 도 ((noun) is also/too)

"~도" means "also", "too". We use this not only after a noun, but also after an adverb or some other constituents. "그녀는 노래를 잘하고 춤도 잘 춥니다." is "She sings very well an…

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[Postposition] (명사) + 이/가 vs 은/는 ((noun) is)

When you use "이/가", you put emphasis on what/who the subject is. We use "은/는" usually when both the speaker and listener already know what the subject is. So it emphasizes what the subject doe…

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[Postposition] (명사) + 은/는 ((noun) is)

similar to "~이/가", when a noun is followed by "~은/는", that means the noun is the subject. When the noun ends in a consonant, add "~은", and when it ends in a vowel, add "~는". We use "은/…

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[Postposition] 내가/네가 (I am/You are)

when your subject is "나(I)" or "너(You)", and you use "~가" , the word changes a bit. "나 + ~가" is not "나가", it is "내가". And "너 + ~가" is not "너가", it is "네가". However, as th…

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[Postposition] (명사) + 이/가 ((noun) is)

When "~이" or "~가" comes after a noun, that means the noun is the subject in a sentence. When the noun ends in a consonant, add "~이" , and when it ends in a vowel, add "~가". However, in casucal…

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[Pronoun] 네 (you)

Just like "내/제", "네" has two different usages. First, they are short forms or "너 +의" and "your". Second, when "~가" is used with "너", it changes into "네". "이건 네 책이다." is "…

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[Pronoun] 너/너희 (you)

"너" is the singular of you and the plural is "너희(들)". However, we use 너 and 너희 only in casual conversation, especially when the listenr is not older than you. For example, a teacher can …

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[Pronoun] 우리/저희 (we)

"우리" and "저희" means "we". We use "저희" in formal situation, or the listener is senior to you. Unlike in English, Korean people use "우리" and "저희" very often when they mean "my". "…

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[Pronoun] 내/제 (my)

"내" and "제" has two different usages. "제" is humble form of "내". First, they are short forms or "나 + 의" and "저 + 의", and means 'my'. Second, when "~가" is used with "나" or "저", it…

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[Pronoun] 나/저 (I)

"나" and "저" means "I" or "me". We use "저" in formal situation, or the listener is senior to you. "나는 유리야." or "저는 유리입니다." is "I am Yoori."

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[Component] 독립어 (exclamation)

"독립어" is the word that is irrelevant to other consituents of sentence. Exclamations and the names by which you call somebody are "독립어". "앗! 죄송합니다." is "Whoops! I’m sorry.", …

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[Component] 부사어 (adverbial phrase)

"부사(part of speech)" is not "부사어(constituent of sentence)", "부사" is subset of "부사어". "부사어" is a word or phrase that illustrates the predicate(verbs, adjectives). It can also …

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